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Diagnosis and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

Regular screening is important in colon cancer, because it can prevent a polyp from becoming cancerous if caught in its early stages. Some of the screening methods look for cancer and polyps inside the colon, while other testing methods just test for the presence of cancer cells. Tests that look for polyps and cancer include sigmoidoscopies, colonoscopies, and double-contrast barium enemas. Once colon cancer has been diagnosed the patient undergoes additional tests to determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Colon cancer is separated into the following stages depending on the location and advancement of the cancer cells.

Stages of Colon Cancer

Once the cancer is found and classified into a stage, your oncologist will discuss your treatment options. Depending on the stage, one of more of the following may be used: